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Armature windings & comutator.

12560 Views 28 Replies 7 Participants Last post by  major
Why do some motors have a small and others large wire for winding size(dia), and a high or low number of comutator segments? Second what does the number of winding segments mean? High v/s low. :confused:
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I need to understand why a motor compare to another one fo the same voltage and the same Amp lose his max torque before the second.
Bellow, an exemple of torque lost at high rpm!
A torque-speed curve like the one you show depends on both the motor and controller, as has been discussed here in the usual congenial manner with regard to AC versus DC motors. For a series DC motor that "flat" part of the curve to the left is where the controller can put out enough voltage to push it's max current through the motor, which gives max torque. The fall off to the right is where the current through the armature is decreasing due to back emf of the motor increasing with speed. Back emf is also of course increasing with speed at the lower rpms to the left, but the controller can increase voltage to compensate (limited by battery pack voltage). If you want to extend the flat part out to higher speed, you need a higher voltage controller and/or a higher voltage battery pack that will give the same max current. More max torque requires higher max current.

Maybe major can add details on how motor design affects this.
Nice explanation on motor armatures major!
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