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Discussion Starter · #2 ·
Unless I am missing something here, this provides no useful information at
all. It increases efficiency by 15% over *WHAT*? If the previous
efficiency level was 1% then this increases it to 1.25% (which is still
worthless) ? But if the previous efficiency was 30% then this increases it
to 37.5%, which wold be quite significant. Without knowing the base level
of efficiency you can't tell is this is important or not or where it can be
applied.

-- Larry

brucedp4 <[email protected]> wrote:

>
>
>
> http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-02-material-percent-greater-thermoelectr=
ic-conversion.html
> New material provides 25 percent greater thermoelectric conversion
> efficiency Feb 15 2011 ...
>
> Automobiles, military vehicles, even large-scale power generating
> facilities may someday operate far more efficiently thanks to a new
> alloy developed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory. A
> team of researchers at the Lab that is jointly funded by the DOE
> Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and
> Engineering and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency,
> achieved a 25 percent improvement in the ability of a key material to
> convert heat into electrical energy.
>
> "What happened here has not happened anywhere else," said Evgenii
> Levin, associate scientist at Ames Laboratory and co-principal
> investigator on the effort, speaking of the significant boost in
> efficiency documented by the research ...
>
> So-called thermoelectric materials that convert heat into electricity
> [ http://www.physorg.com/tags/thermoelectric+materials/ ] have been
> known since the early 1800s. One well-established group of
> thermoelectric materials is composed of tellurium, antimony,
> germanium and silver, and thus is known by the acronym "TAGS."
> Thermoelectricity is based on the movement of charge carriers from
> their heated side to their cooler side, just as electrons travel
> along a wire.
>
> The process, known as the Seebeck effect, was discovered in 1821 by
> Thomas Johann Seebeck, a physicist who lived in what is now Estonia.
> A related phenomenon observed in all thermoelectric materials is
> known as the Peltier effect, named after French physicist
> Jean-Charles Peltier, who discovered it in 1834. The Peltier effect
> can be utilized for solid-state heating or cooling with no moving
> parts.
>
> In the nearly two centuries since the discovery of the Seebeck and
> Peltier effects, practical applications have been limited due to the
> low efficiency with which the materials performed either conversion.
> Significant work to improve that efficiency took place during the
> 1950s, when thermoelectric conversion was viewed as an ideal power
> source for deep-space probes, explained team member Cook.
> "Thermoelectric conversion was successfully used to power the Voyager,
> Pioneer, Galileo, Cassini, and Viking spacecrafts," he said ...
>
> "Occasionally, you would hear about a large increase in efficiency,"
> Levin explained. But the claims did not hold up to closer scrutiny.
> All that changed in 2010, when the Ames Laboratory researchers found
> that adding just one percent of the rare-earth elements cerium or
> ytterbium to a TAGS material was sufficient to boost its performance.
>
> The results of the group's work appeared in the article, "Analysis of
> Ce- and Yb-Doped TAGS-85 Materials with Enhanced Thermoelectric
> Figure of Merit," published online in November 2010 in the journal
> Advanced Functional Materials [
> http://www.physorg.com/tags/advanced+functional+materials/ ]
>
> The team has yet to understand exactly why such a small compositional
> change in the material is able to profoundly affect its properties.
> However, they theorize that doping the TAGS material with either of
> the two rare-earth elements could affect several possible mechanisms
> that influence thermoelectric properties.
>
> Team member Schmidt-Rohr studied the materials using Ames Laboratory's
> solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy instruments. This
> enabled the researchers to verify that the one percent doping of
> cerium or ytterbium affected the structure of the thermoelectric
> material. In order to understand effect of magnetism of rare earths,
> team member Bud'ko studied magnetic properties of the materials.
> "Rare-earth elements modified the lattice," said Levin, referring to
> the crystal structure of the thermoelectric materials ...
>
> The durable and relatively easy-to-produce material has innumerable
> applications, including recycling waste heat from industrial
> refineries or using auto exhaust heat to help recharge the battery in
> an electric car.
>
> "It's a very amazing area," Levin said, particularly since many years
> of prior research into TAGS materials enables researchers to
> understand their nature. Better understanding of the thermoelectric
> and their improvement can immediately result in applications at
> larger scale than now.
>
> Additionally, the Ames Laboratory results =96 dependent as they were on
> doping TAGS with small amounts of cerium or ytterbium =96 provide yet
> more evidence of rare-earth elements' strategic importance. Cerium or
> ytterbium are members of a group of 15 lanthanides, deemed essential
> to just about every new technology from consumer electronics and cell
> phones to hybrid car batteries and generator motors in wind turbines.
>
> The Ames Laboratory has been a leader in rare-earth research going
> back to the closing days of World War II. Fears of shortages of
> rare-earth elements have caused these little-known materials to be a
> much-talked-about subject in the news lately.
>
> More information: E.M. Levin, B.A. Cook, J.L. Harringa, S. L. Bud'ko,
> R. Venkatasubramanian, K. Schmidt-Rohr, "Analysis of Ce- and Yb-Doped
> TAGS-85 Materials with Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure of Merit,"
> Advanced Functional Materials, 2010, in press.
> DOI:10.1002/adfm.201001307 [
> http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201001307 ]
>
> [Provided by Ames Laboratory (news : web)
> http://www.physorg.com/partners/ames-laboratory/
> http://www.ameslab.gov/index.html
> =A9 PhysOrg.com 2003-2010]
>
>
>
>
>
> {brucedp.150m.com}
> --
> View this message in context:
> http://electric-vehicle-discussion-list.413529.n4.nabble.com/Thermoelectr=
ic-materials-can-recharge-battery-packs-tp3314603p3314603.html
> Sent from the Electric Vehicle Discussion List mailing list archive at
> Nabble.com.
>
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-- =

Larry Gales
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