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Federal Law for Builds Using >60VDC

2163 Views 23 Replies 12 Participants Last post by  GrayRaceCat

49 CFR § 571.305 - Standard No. 305; Electric-powered vehicles: electrolyte spillage and electrical shock protection.

§ 571.305 Standard No. 305; Electric-powered vehicles: electrolyte spillage and electrical shock protection.

S1. Scope. This standard specifies requirements for limitation of electrolyte spillage and retention of electric energy storage/conversion devices during and after a crash, and protection from harmful electric shock during and after a crash and during normal vehicle operation.

S2. Purpose. The purpose of this standard is to reduce deaths and injuries during and after a crash that occur because of electrolyte spillage from electric energy storage devices, intrusion of electric energy storage/conversion devices into the occupant compartment, and electrical shock, and to reduce deaths and injuries during normal vehicle operation that occur because of electric shock or driver error.

S3. Application. This standard applies to passenger cars, and to multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks and buses with a GVWR of 4,536 kg or less, that use electrical propulsion components with working voltages more than 60 volts direct current (VDC) or 30 volts alternating current (VAC), and whose speed attainable over a distance of 1.6 km on a paved level surface is more than 40 km/h.

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Kill a first responder with your contraption after a crash, then have the lawyer you've retained for $25k convince a jury that he'll stipulate that you are the builder, you are the designer, you made the decision to ignore the CFR, you are the assembler, but you are not the manufacturer (because you are trying to loophole your way out of the CFR) of said culprit vehicle.

There is NO reasonable (what juries and judges do...they reason on facts) explanation as to why the 60V rule would not apply to a DIY electric vehicle operating on a public road or highway. None. You are all trying to rationalize why it should not and a judge ain't gunna buy your shit to get out of a negligence/manslaughter legal proceeding against you, the manufacturer. The only difference is a manufacturer offers goods for sale. Is that enough to get you out of killing someone? I don't think so.

You also stand a much better chance of getting extracated if you are in the local fire department's records as FMVSS voltages compliant, versus having firefighters stand around, smoking a cigarette (something you can't do around a crashed gasoline car) until they toll the time for your battery to self discharge below 60V. So, just before you pile into that telephone pole, turn on your electric cabin heater..
Remy: these are valid points, and the handwriting is on the wall. I'm trying to deal with NEC 2020 right now, and that has thrown up a lot of obstacles. DIY electric cars will be another. There are going to be a lot of lawsuits, and denied claims. There are many very powerful lobbies that want to prevent homeowners from doing anything that encroaches on their ability to sell you products at a much higher price. DIY electric vehicles would be one, DIY solar, DIY battery backup, DIY HVAC, etc.
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