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The past year saw many cars facing complete engine failure. Snapping of the timing chain that holds together all the moving parts of an engine was witnessed in many BMW 1-series, 3-series and 5-series. This was a dangerous defect.

Gasoline tank cars with internal combustion engines are extremely prone to catching fire and explode. Thousands of accidents take place due to the dangerous nature of gasoline and the momentum and weight of these cars.

But it is impossible to function without these speed devils. The collateral damages caused by internal combustion engine cars are immense: environmentally, economically and in terms of personal safety as well.

Electric cars are slowly but sharply penetrating the car market. Tesla, in spite of many roadblocks, is firmly establishing itself in the market and the much talked about and controversial Model S is once again being touted as the safest car in America.

What we are slowly moving towards and arriving to is the all-pertinent question.

Which is better? Which is safer?The debate of Electric vs Gasoline ensues.

Safety
Anything new takes time to be accepted. Doubts will arise, questions will be raised. Much has been spoken about the security and safety of these lithium-iron battery powered cars and the dangers associated with them. To combat these limitations and make electric cars a safe option, the electric car manufacturers are upgrading and installing many precautionary devices continuously like fuses and circuit breakers. These disconnect the batteries when the collision detectors become aware that the battery pack is about to sustain damage, preventing fires and accidents.

Nissan, Tesla, Ford are constantly making efforts in the direction of making these electric cars safer by making innovations to keep the battery cool. Nickel-metal hybrid batteries earlier used in electric cars have been completely done away with. Radiator-chilled coolant throughout the battery pack and an air-cooling system are also being introduced in newer models to keep the battery and temperatures as low as possible when the car is running.

On the other hand, the internal combustion engine cars have hundreds of parts that cannot be done away with and are extremely dangerous. These can dysfunction anytime causing massive car accidents that can seriously injure those in the car, leading to requirement of urgent medical and legal assistance.
Besides, internal combustion engine cars have reached a stage of stagnation now while electric cars are constantly reinventing themselves.

Environmental concerns
Electric cars are 97% cleaner than their gasoline counterparts. Their huge environmental benefits include no tailpipe emissions that release particulate matter into the air which causes asthma. They are extremely quite and do not cause any noise pollution. Moreover, in gasoline powered vehicles the engine needs to be kept running even when the vehicle is idle while if an electric car is idle the engine need not be kept running, which conserves energy.

Besides, electric cars are more environment friendly as they do not use a lot of parts used by gasoline powered vehicles – parts like radiator hoses, fuel filters. These parts when they are shed off form the automobile are extremely hazardous and leak contaminated oil into our water supply endangering plant, animal and human life.

Renault's current, public comparison of its electric and gas model of the same car- Fluence Sedan very clearly revealed that electric cars are indeed better for the environment.

Pocket-Friendly
As more and more electric cars venture into the market, they are becoming more affordable. General Motors' Chevrolet Volt prices have been slashed by $5,000 while Tesla and Nissan too have plans of introducing pocket-friendly electric vehicles.

Running a vehicle on electricity works out much cheaper than running on fuel. Tax benefits, cheap leases and cheaper insurance are other financial benefits you will accrue with an electric car.

Taking the Middle Path: Hybrid Cars
For those who do not want to immediately jump on to the electric car bandwagon, a hybrid car is a good alternative.

It combines the advantages of both and gives you a vehicle that emits less carbon dioxide and uses less fuel. Honda Insight and Toyota Prius are well-known hybrids. They combine the conventional internal combustion engine with the electric motor.

Additional Power
The electric motor is a source of additional power helping the engine while climbing rough terrains or accelerating. Moreover, the motor alone provides power for low speed driving conditions. This reduces the use of internal combustion engines in low speeds where they are least efficient. It also allows a smaller, more efficient engine to be used. Hybrid cars also automatically shut off the engine when the vehicle is idle thus conserving energy.

While in a Toyota Prius, each of the power sources can work together or separately, in the Honda Insight, the electric motor supplements the conventional engine while in the Vauxhall Ampera ,the petrol engine just functions to charge the battery pack when it runs out.

Besides these, there are the plug-in hybrids. They can be charged on the move as well as be plugged into an electric outlet to recharge their batteries.

The biggest advantage of these vehicles is that, they can travel longer distances on electric power alone.

So if you are planning to buy a new car, cut to the chase and choose your car soon.
 
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